A number of senior statesmen, politicians and internationally recognized experts have congregated in Stockholm, at the invitation of Foreign Minister of Sweden, Carl Bildt, to promote the CTBT’s entry into force.
Through their expertise in the field of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and their political standing, members of this Group of Eminent Persons – commonly known as the GEM – will inject new energy and dynamics into the entry-into-force process.
To ensure an innovative and focused approach to advance the CTBT’s entryinto- force by the remaining eight States, a Group of Eminent Persons (GEM) was launched on 26 September 2013. The Foreign Ministers of Hungary, Indonesia and Italy are among the 20 members of the GEM, which is holding its first substantive meeting in Stockholm.
The Treaty has been signed by 183 States and ratified by 162, but 8 named States still have to join in order for the CTBT to enter into force.
Entry into force – the terms of a treaty will usually specify how and when it comes into force. Many multilateral treaties require that a specified number of States consent to be bound before the treaty can enter into force.
Click here.. to read about the GEM-members meeting in Stockholm.
The advent of nuclear weapons changed the course of the world as well as the war.
The origins of the treaty lay in worldwide public concern over the danger posed by atmospheric radioactive fallout produced by the aboveground testing of nuclear weapons. This problem had become an important public issue by 1955, but the first negotiations to ban nuclear tests foundered on differing proposals and counterproposals made by the United States and the Soviet Union, which were the two dominant nuclear powers at the time.
John F. Kennedy had supported a ban on nuclear weapons testing since 1956. He believed a ban would prevent other countries from obtaining nuclear weapons, and took a strong stand on the issue in the 1960 presidential campaign.
Thirty-three years later, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Signed by 71 nations, including those possessing nuclear weapons.
A global network of 321 monitoring stations and 16 laboratories is being set up to detect nuclear tests, providing a powerful system that can also give early warning of tsunamis, nuclear accidents and earthquakes. It was recently employed in the search for missing airplane MH370.