The Schuman Declaration May 9—Europe Day—the birth of today’s European Union

The European Community is celebrating Europe Day—May 9—is celebrated each year as the birth of today’s European Union. The European Union’s founding fathers reacted to the bloodshed and destruction of World War II by developing a plan designed to inextricably link Europe’s coal and steel industries and prevent wars from ravaging the European continent in the future.

With Jean Monnet, the architect of the plan, On May 9, 1950, French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman announced a plan The Schuman Declaration—in a speech inspired by Jean Monnet (French businessman-turned-advisor—that proposed pooling European coal and steel production under a common authority).

When Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed the creation of a community of peaceful interests to Federal Germany and any other European countries that wanted to join in, Robert Schuman performed a historic act. In extending a hand to recent enemies he wiped away the bitterness of war and the weight of the past.

But he also sparked off a completely novel process in the international order by suggesting to the old nations that they should pool their sovereignty, to regain the influence that none of them was capable of wielding alone.

He already envisioned the creation of a Europe in which the allies, the French and the British, and the defeated, Germany, would come together wih whoever else wished to join in an economic union with a political purpose, in anticipation of a possible future European federation.

While contributing to postwar economic recovery, this Schuman plan would also control the raw materials of war. The Schuman Declaration was regarded as the first step toward achieving a united Europe—an ideal that in the past had been pursued only by force.

The Treatey of Paris was signed in April 1951, and in July 1952 the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) came into existence . The six members states (France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg) agreed to the creation of a range of institutions, of which the most significant was the supranational regulatory body, the High Authority. EU Probably the most significant institutional innovation in the organization of politics and state anywhere in the world in the second half of the 20-century.

EuropeDay —the birth of today’s European Union and European free trade area started with these sectors reflected not so much their economic significance per se as their importance for collective security. Today in 2014 Russia challenges  united Europe by being  in the business of changing international borders by force, which makes that Europe still faces inter-state security threats, in the form of Russian aggression. In this case NATO’s core mission — collective security and defense — is still vital.

<p><a href=”″>Documentary on the Robert Schuman Declaration – The Birth of Europe</a> from <a href=””>Fondation Robert Schuman</a> on <a href=””>Vimeo</a&gt;.</p>

“We could have gone mucy futhre in Europe if we had followed his thoughts” channel: Jacques-René Rabier, tells his tory of this historic day. EPP´s TV

Today, the European union remains a union of sovereign nation states, and it´s progress of integration accelerates with changes in the external environment and in the structure of the European economy and policy.

Today there is need to develop a new Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership of cooperation with US. The EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) aims to increase trade and investment between the European Union and the United States by unleashing the untapped potential of a truly transatlantic marketplace.

In this video EU Ambassador to the United States Joäo Vale de Almeida explaines EU-US TTIP.


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