On 24 August the peace conference 1899, referred as the Hague Convention of 1899, was proposed by Tsar Nicholas II. Since 1907 major powers later attempt international cooperation for peace. But not Putin´s Russia. Russia´s current actions are also typical of the way leaders in Moscow have been treating neighboring countries from the time the Soviet Union broke apart.
It is clear that Russia is not planning to conduct any humanitarian mission.
Meanwhile, the evidence of NATO observation in recent days, based on intelligence reports from several alliance members, Russian ground and air forces in the vicinity of Ukraine has alarmed NATO officials.
At the same time as Russian vehicles violate Ukraine´s sovereignty, Russia maintains a sizeable military force on the Ukrainian border capable of invading Ukraine on very short notice.
On friday, U.S: Deputy National Security Adviser confirmed to reporters that forces within Russia were firing artillery into Ukraine and moving heavy weaponry across the border into rebel hands. International humanitarian law now includes several treaties that outlaw specific weapons. These conventions were created largely because these weapons cause deaths and injuries long after conflicts have ended.
On 22 Aug NATO Secretary General condemns entry of Russian convoy into Ukraine.
“Russian artillery support – both cross-border and from within Ukraine – is being employed against the Ukrainian armed forces”
“This is a blatant breach of Russia´s international commitments, including those made recently in Berlin and Geneva, and a further violation of Ukraine´s sovereignty by Russia.
It can only deepen the crisis in the region, which Russia itself has created and has continued to fuel”. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said in a statement:
The NATO statement added new pressure on Moscow before the flurry of diplomacy in coming days, including a visit to Kiev today by the German chancellor and scheduled regional meeting next week. Rasmussen urge Russia not to take further provocative actions.The alliance´s sharpest criticism of Russia´s involvement in Ukraine to date.
The disregard of international humanitarian principles, the entry of Russian so-called humanitarian convoy into the border zone and into Ukrainian territory (without the consent of the Ukrainian authorities in which states must allow such assistance to be delivered to the civilians in their power) without any involvement of the international Committee of the Red Cross raises further questions about whether the true Russian purpose of the aid convoy is to support civilians or to resupply armed separatists.
At this point, its impossible to divine Russia´s strategy or goals. Instead of de-escalating the situation, Russia continues to escalate it, despite the efforts of the international community to find a possible peace between Russia and Ukraine and political solution to the crisis. In the coming weeks Putin may face a stark choices.
Russia´s military movements will also raise pressure on US and EU, including NATO, as today beings intense diplomacy among leaders. This can only lead to Russia´s further isolation, reference to potential further economic sanctions on Russia. And when the conflict in Ukraine´s borders and Russian military invasion of other parts of Ukrainian territories has ended, Russian troops, if not Putin, may be held individually accountable for war crimes through process of international law.
The increasingly bloody war carving up Ukraine was in the thoughts of many Sunday as the embattled nation observed a somber Independence day.