UNSC Resolution, proposed by the United States, would for the first time establish international standards for nations to prevent and suppress the recruiting of their citizens by terrorist organizations, and bar the entry and transit across their territory of suspected foreign terrorists. The resolution, gives the Military Staff Committee responsibility for strategic coordination at the disposal of the UN Security Council.
American intelligence officials say 15,000 foreign fighters are now in Iraq and Syria; they are from 80 countries and include more than 3,000 Europeans (according to EU:s antiterror Chef) and 100 Americans.
Swedish SAPO said there are about 80 Swedish citizens foreign fighters in Syria. Dutch national coordinator for security and counterterrorism, said in a telephone interview on Sunday. 140 Dutch citizens had gone to fight in Syria.
The United States heads the Security Council during this year’s session of the General Assembly. The resolution is due to be taken up Wednesday 24 September, 2014, afternoon at a meeting led by U.S. President Obama and attended by more than a dozen heads of state. The resolution is under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, which means that it is legally binding.
The UN Charter’s prohibition of member states of the UN attacking other UN member states is central to the purpose for which the UN was founded.
Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Council’s powers to maintain peace. It allows the Council to “determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression” and to take military and nonmilitary action to “restore international peace and security”.
If passed, the resolution would be difficult to enforce. Even though, already, several European countries and other nations are putting new laws and administrative rules in place, the extent to which each state enforces these provisions, experts say, will no doubt be balanced with their own policies and priorities. Diplomats said there is wide support for the measure, and it is expected to pass. But, it would require states:
- to criminalize attempts to travel abroad to join a terrorist organization and
- to prevent suspected foreign terrorists from entering or traveling through their territory.
It would also compel states to require airlines operating in their territory to share passenger lists and for states to share information about such suspects. It’s an agreement that sends a strong signal to take this issue very, very seriously.
The fact that U.S. President Obama will preside over a special session on foreign fighters underscores the importance the administration places on the issue and, more broadly, on the president’s strategy to degrade and ultimately defeat the Islamic State.
And the fact is that every fundamental issue of conflict today, the United States is in the center leading and trying to find an effort to make peace where peace is very difficult.
The World is United in the Fight Against ISIL:
U.S. President Obama outlines for the American people the U.S. strategy to confront the threat posed by the terrorist group ISIL. He made clear that as part of this campaign the United States would take action against targets in both Iraq and Syria, joined in this action by friends and partners — Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Bahrain, and Qatar, so that these terrorists can’t find safe haven anywhere.
Above all, the people and governments in the Middle East are rejecting ISIL and standing up for the peace and security that the people of the region and the world deserve.
Meanwhile, the UNSC resolution puts pressure on some of the United States’ most vital allies in the region. Turkey is being asked to monitor its nearly 800 miles of borders with Syria and Iraq, which have been freely used by militants joining a variety of rebel groups fighting the governments of both countries, including the Islamic State, alternately known as ISIS. Other allies, including Saudi Arabia and Qatar, are under the UN spotlight.
- un.org UN charter VII of the United Nations
- New York TIMES 21 September 2014 – Obama to Lead U.N. Effort to Halt Movement of Terror Recruits.